Title I was first funded by the United States Department of Education in 1965 as a part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). It has remained a constant source of federal education funds in the intervening years and is currently a part of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB)/Every Student Succeeds (ESSA) legislation.
Title I provides extra monetary resources to school districts to help improve instruction and ensure that all children meet challenging state academic achievement standards. The extra federal funds provide new or expanded services that could not be provided by the district in the absence of Title I funds.
Schools review student progress on the state assessments in reading, language arts, mathematics, and science. These data help guide the development of the schools’ plans for the upcoming school year. Further, schools annually conduct a comprehensive needs survey of all aspects of the school environment. The data are disaggregated by school. From the comprehensive review, district and school staffs, along with input from parents and community stakeholder representatives, determine priority needs of the school and of students and develop a schoolwide plan of action for continued academic improvement. The plan focuses on the additional services and resources needed for all students to be successful. The schoolwide plan is implemented using local, state, and federal fiscal resources. While the plan focuses on the entire school, individual needs of students are determined and are addressed.
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